Water the Life Blood of Cities:

– History of Urban Water Supply
– Ancient Rome Water And Sanitation
– Ancient Rome Was Not So Sanitary
– Water And Urbanization
– Urbanization And Water
– Asia Urban Sanitation And Water
– Boston’s Massive Reservoir System

– New York’s Massive Water Reservoirs

– Unusual Water System of Paris

London’s Commercially Supplied Water and Sewer Systems


– Energy Use In Cities
– Food For Cities Require Energy
– Cities Struggled With Renewables

– Electricity Essential to Supply Food
– 100% Green Energy Not Possible
Nuclear Energy a Viable Replacement


– Highways Used to Decentralize Cities
– European Transportation Energy Mix

– Transportation Energy Mix
– Highway vs. Rail Propaganda
– Paved vs. Unpaved Roads
– Rolled Compressed Concrete

Human Waste Removal:

– Sewer Systems
– Gravity vs. Pressured Sewer Systems
– Toilets

Heating and Cooling:

– Heat and Power Basics
– City District Heating
– Guide to HVAC
– HCP Technologies
– Steam Heat

– Benefits of Urban Heat Sinks